How to Reduce Wrinkles
Are you losing sleep over wrinkles appearing on your face? It is a natural process that people age. However, we could be more active in adopting good habits and diets to slow down the aging process.
Robin Ashinoff, MD, a dermatologist at the Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey once said that, “Many women as well as men believe that aging skin is inevitable, but with the information and technologies we have today, you really can look as young as you feel.”
So, start taking action now as worrying is certainly going to add more wrinkles on your face. Experts say that you can make a difference and the good news is that many are things you can do on your own to reduce the visible lines on your face.
What You Can Do To Reduce Wrinkles
- Avoid the sun. The sun is the number one cause of wrinkles, with dozens of studies documenting the impact. In one study that looked at identical twins, New York plastic surgeon Darrick Antell, MD, found sun exposure was even more important than heredity. Siblings who limited sun time had fewer wrinkles and looked younger overall than their sun-worshiping twins.
2. Wear sunscreen. If you must go out in the sun, the American Academy of Dermatology says, wear sunscreen! It will protect you from skin cancer, and help prevent wrinkles at the same time.
3. Don’t smoke. Some of the research is still controversial, but more and more studies are confirming that cigarette smoke ages skin — mostly by releasing an enzyme that breaks down collagen and elastin, important components of the skin. Sibling studies done at the Twin Research Unit at St. Thomas Hospital in London found the brother or sister who smoked tended to have skin that was more wrinkled and up to 40% thinner than the non-smoker.
4. Get adequate sleep. When you don’t get enough sleep, the body produces excess cortisol, a hormone that breaks down skin cells. Get enough rest, you’ll produce more HGH (human growth hormone), which helps the skin remain thick, more “elastic,” and less likely to wrinkle.
5. Eat Salmon. Salmon (along with other cold-water fish) a great source of protein, which is one of the building blocks of great skin. It’s also an awesome source of an essential fatty acid known as omega-3. Essential fatty acids help nourish skin and keep it plump and youthful, thus, helping to reduce wrinkles.
6. Eat more Soy — So far, most of the proof has come from animal studies, but research does show certain properties of soy may help protect or heal some of the sun’s photo aging damage. In one recent human study, published in the European Journal of Nutrition, researchers reported that a soy-based supplement (other ingredients included fish protein and extracts from white tea, grapeseed, and tomato, as well as several vitamins) improved skin’s structure and firmness after just six months of use.
7. Trade coffee for cocoa. This is probably the toughest for people who need coffee to start the day. For a start, reduce the amount of coffee you drink in a day. In a study published in the Journal of Nutrition in 2006, researchers found cocoa containing high levels of two dietary flavanols (epicatchin and catechin) protected skin from sun damage, improved circulation to skin cells, affected hydration, and made the skin look and feel smoother.
8. Eat more fruits and vegetables. They have natural antioxidant compounds. These compounds fight damage caused by free radicals (unstable molecules that can damage cells), which in turn helps skin look younger and more radiant, and protects against some effects of photo aging.
9. Use moisturizer. Do not overlook the power of a simple moisturizer. Skin that is moist simply looks better, so lines and creases are far less noticeable.
10. Don’t over-wash your face. According to dermatologists at the University of Maryland Medical Center, tap water strips skin of its natural barrier oils and moisture that protect against wrinkles. Wash them off too often, and you wash away the protection. Moreover, unless your soap contains moisturizers, you should use a cleanser instead.
Of course, while maintaining the above good habits will help slow the aging process, admit it, we humans are lazy. So, sometimes, the help of skin care products is necessary.
When choosing skin-care treatments, both prescription and over-the-counter, look for the following ingredients that can reduce wrinkles.
Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). These natural fruit acids lift away the top layer of dead skin cells, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, particularly around the eyes. New evidence shows that in higher concentrations, AHAs may help stimulate collagen production.
Retinoids (including Retin A). The only FDA-approved topical treatment for wrinkles is tretinoin, known commercially as Retin A. Ashinoff says this prescription cream reduces fine lines and large wrinkles, and repairs sun damage. Retinol is a natural form of vitamin A found in many over-the-counter products. Studies show that in a stabilized formula, in high concentrations, it may be as effective as Retin A, without the side effects, such as skin burning and sensitivity.
Topical vitamin C. Studies at Tulane University, among others, have found it can increase collagen production, protect against damage from UVA and UVB rays, correct pigmentation problems, and improve inflammatory skin conditions. The key, however, may be the type of vitamin C used. To date, most of the research points to the L-ascorbic acid form as the most potent for wrinkle relief.
Idebenone. This chemical cousin to the nutrient coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)is a super-powerful antioxidant. In one study published recently in the Journal of Dermatology, doctors found that with just 6 weeks of topical use, there was a 26% reduction in skin roughness and dryness, a 37% increase in hydration, a 29% decrease in lines and wrinkles, and a 33% overall improvement in sun-damaged skin. Other studies have found similar results.
Growth factors. Part of the body’s natural wound-healing response, these compounds, when applied topically, may reduce sun damage and decrease lines and wrinkles, while rejuvenating collagen production, studies have shown.
Pentapeptides. The results of a study supported by the National Institutes of Health suggested pentapeptides can increase collagen production in sun-damaged skin. Several subsequent studies (including one presented at a recent national dermatology conference) showed that when topically applied, pentapeptides stimulated collagen production and diminished lines and wrinkles.
To find out more on products that will help you reduce face wrinkles, read this article.